Patna is a City of Historical Importance

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# Historical Importance of Patna in Bihar

The Glorious Kingdom of Patliputra Modern-day Patna (capital of Bihar), is an ancient Indian city, initially built in 490 BC by the Magadh ruler Udayin, as a small fortress called Pataligrama, close to the Ganga River. Their capital, Pataliputra, which is located next door to present-day Patna, was a major political, military, and economic centre of Indian civilization in ancient and classical periods of Indian history.


The ancient city of Pataliputra (precursor of present-day Patna) was the capital of the Mauryan, Shunga, and Gupta empires. The old city was founded by Ajatashatru, the King of Magadh (South Bihar) in the fifth century BC. During the olden times, Patna was one of the largest cities in the world, which prospered under legendary kings such as Chandragupta, Ajatshatru, and Ashoka. Known as Pataliputra during the olden times, Patna can brag about being one of the best historic places in the country.

Patliputra Karuna Stupa in Buddha Smriti Park, Patna, Bihar, India
Patliputra Karuna Stupa in Buddha Smriti Park, Patna,

There are some of the best historical sites close to Patna as well, which portray the stories of courage, struggle, and ancient civilisation. In short, Patna town is one of those cities with great historical significance, which has deeply influenced the present culture and education. Patna, The city’s heritage stretches over two millennia. Located on the banks of the River Ganges, the city of Patna is the capital city of the Bihar state, with a history that spans over three millennia.

the ganges, patna, bihar

One of the oldest living cities in the world, Patna, the capital of Bihar, stands tall on the banks of the River Ganges, proudly holding the city’s heritage, patriotism, and culture at its core. This article helps you learn more about Patna, the capital city of Bihar. The city continued as the capital of the province of Bihar during the British Raj. In 1912, when Bengal Presidency was divided, the city became the capital of both the Bihar and Orissa Provinces.


The city continued as the capital of Bihar Province following its Independence in 1947. However, Bihar itself was again divided in 2000, with the creation of Jharkhand as an independent state within the Union of India. Patna has witnessed various phases in Indian history, ranging from ancient Mauryan times, through the sultanate, as well as saw the arrival of the British East India Company at Pataligram.


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